Used extensively in incense and fine perfumery for thousands of years, frankincense is characterized by a sweet, spicy, balsamic, green, lemon-like and peppery aroma. Often used in face creams and oils for aging skin.
Boswellia sacra Flueck
Boswellia carteri Birdw., bible frankincense, olibanum, incense
Native to northeastern Africa and southern Arabia. The gum is produced mainly in Ethiopia, Somalia and South Arabia. Distillation of the dried gum or "tears" is done mainly in Europe.
A small much-branched tree with thick stems and a smooth, peeling, papery bark. Leaves are compound and clustered towards the branch ends. Flowers are white or pale pink and star shaped in slender clusters. The trees exude a milky liquid when incisions are made on the bark. This liquid hardens into small, yellowish droplets commercially known as incense tears.
Method of Extraction:
Essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the gum resin. The oil is colorless to pale yellow or pale amber- greenish mobile liquid. Yield 3 to 10%.
Frankincense has a fresh, terpeny, green, woody, lemon-like top note. The middle note is rich, diffusive, sweet and woody, with a balsamic undertone. The dry out note is tenacious and balsamic.
á-pinene (30%), limonene (6%), phellandrene (5%)
Not typically adulterated
FDA 121.1163. 172.510
centering, meditative, spiritualizing, transcendental, unblocking, visualizing, clarifying, gently clarifying, purifying, relaxing, alluring, exotic, euphoric, uplifting
Blends Well With:
Sandalwood, pine, geranium, lavender, neroli, bergamot, orange, basil, cinnamon, camphor, vetiver, jasmine, myrrh, rose
Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitizing
How To Enjoy:
Defussed or in an annointing oil as an adjunct to prayer and meditation.